The second most common disorder that kids with FASD are given is ODD. This disorder can also be co morbid with FASD. ODD is the acronym for Oppositional Defiant Disorder.

What is ODD?

Oppositional defiant disorder usually becomes evident before age eight. Onset is typically gradual, occurring over the course of months or years. Many symptoms of ODD are seen in children and adolescents with mood disorders and psychotic disorders. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning disorders, and communication disorders are commonly seen in children with ODD. The diagnosis of ODD differs from conduct disorder in that it excludes symptoms of violations of personal rights and social rules. The symptoms of ODD focus more on annoying, difficult, and disruptive behavior. Symptoms must be displayed regularly for at least six months. The cause of ODD is unclear. Research has shown that ODD is more common in children who have at least one parent with a history of a mood disorder, ODD, ADHD, substance abuse, or antisocial personality disorder. An effective medical treatment for ODD has not been found.


Disobedient and hostile behavior toward authority
Resistance to directions
Unwillingness to compromise, give in or negotiate with adults or peers
Deliberate or persistent testing of limits by ignoring orders, arguing and failing to accept blame for misdeeds
Losing temper
Arguing with adults
Refusing to follow rules
Deliberately doing things to annoy others
Blaming others for his/her own mistakes or bad behavior
Being easily annoyed by other people
Being angry or resentful
Being spiteful or vindictive

(Source: The Handbook of Mental Illness - NAMI)